Personality traits and maladaptive daydreaming: Fantasy functions and themes in a multi-country sample
A new study on Maladaptive Daydreaming has been published, co-authored by Reut Brenner, Eli Somer and Hisham M Abu-Rayya. From the Abstract:
In this study, we analyzed the responses of 539 adults who met an evidence-based criterion of probable maladaptive daydreaming (MD) and met the description of at least one of the following personality facets: grandiosity, separation insecurity, and anhedonia. Respondents reporting grandiosity tended to use their fantasies as a means for wish-fulfillment for power and dominance, while respondents characterized by separation insecurity fantasized more about relationships with others. Their fantasies often featured an idealized relationship, sometimes of love, or an idealized version of their own family. Separation-anxious individuals reported fantasies in which they received extra attention on account of illness, vulnerability, or neediness. Respondents who reported characteristics of anhedonia were more likely to use daydreaming as a distraction from an unpleasant reality and gravitated to fantasies experienced as rewarding. The daydreams of respondents with anhedonia tended to feature themes of escape and physical violence. Our data show that particular personality facets can uniquely distinguish the functions and contents of fantasies in MD. Our findings suggest that maladaptive daydreaming may have a compensatory role in regulating unmet personal needs.
Brenner, R., Somer, E., & Abu-Rayya, H.M. (2021). Personality Traits and Maladaptive Daydreaming: Fantasy Functions and Themes in a Multi-Country Sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 184, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.111194.